Georges Braque was a 20th century French painter who invented Cubism with Pablo Picasso. Along with Cubism, Braque used the styles of Impressionism, Fauvism and collage, and even staged designs for the Ballet Russes. Through his career, his style changed to portray somber subjects during wartime and lighter, freer themes in between. He never strayed far from Cubism, as there were always aspects of it in his works. Braque died on August 31, 1963, in Paris.
Braque started his art career using an Impressionistic painting style. Circa 1905, he transitioned into a Fauvist style after viewing works exhibited by the Fauves, a group that included such notable artists as Henri Matisse and Andre Derain. The Fauves' style incorporated bold colors and loose-form structures to emulate deep emotions.
Braque's style changed after World War I, when his art became less structured and planned. A successful exhibition in 1922 at the Salon d'Automne in Paris garnered him much acclaim. A few years later, renowned dancer and choreographer Sergei Diaghilev asked Braque to design decor for two of his ballets at the Ballets Russes. The end of the 1920s saw another style change as Braque began painting more realistic interpretations of nature, though he never strayed far from Cubism, as there were always aspects of it in his works.
Braque started to engrave plaster in 1931, and his first significant show took place two years later at the Kunsthalle Basel. He gained international fame, winning first prize in 1937 at the Carnegie International in Pittsburgh.
The advent of World War II influenced Braque to paint more somber scenes. After the war, he painted lighter subjects of birds, landscapes and the sea. Braque also created lithographs, sculptures and stained-glass windows.
In his elder years, his failing health prevented him from taking on large-scale commissioned projects. Braque died on August 31, 1963, in Paris.
Braque, Georges,Etching, L'Aquarium, 1950
Braque, Georges, Absence from Lettera amorosa, 1963
Braque, Georges, Purple Flowers, c. 1960
Georges Braque, The Great Trees, L’Estaque, 1906–07; oil on
canvas mounted on composition board; 31½ in. by 27¾ in. inches;
fractional gift to the Museum of Modern Art, New York, from a private
Braque, Georges, Still Life with Pipe, 1959
Georges Braque - Still Life - The Table,1928
Georges Braque: From Fauvism to Cubism